Big Guns in the Atlantic

Big Guns in the Atlantic

Author: Angus Konstam

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472845962

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 625

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In the early months and years of World War II, it was Germany's cruisers and battleships that most ravaged the Atlantic Convoys. This is the history of those raids, and how the success of 1941's Operation Berlin led directly to the Kriegsmarine sending into the Atlantic its greatest battleship - the mighty, ill-fated Bismarck. At the outbreak of World War II the German Kriegsmarine still had a relatively small U-boat arm. To reach Britain's convoy routes in the North Atlantic, these boats had to pass around the top of the British Isles - a long and dangerous voyage to their "hunting grounds". Germany's larger surface warships were much better suited to this kind of long-range operation. So, during late 1939 the armored cruiser Deutschland, and later the battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were used as commerce raiders, to strike at Allied convoys in the North Atlantic. These sorties met with mixed results, but for Germany's naval high command they showed that this kind of operation had potential. Then, the fall of France, Denmark and Norway in early 1940 dramatically altered the strategic situation. The Atlantic was now far easier to reach, and to escape from. During 1940, further moderately successful sorties were made by the cruisers Admiral Scheer and Admiral Hipper. By the end of the year, with British mercantile losses mounting to surface raiders and U-Boats, plans were developed for a much larger raid, first using both cruisers, and then the two battlecruisers. The climax of this was Operation Berlin, the Kriegsmarine's largest and most wide-ranging North Atlantic sortie so far. Scharnhorst and Gneisenau remained at sea for two months, destroying 22 Allied merchant ships, and severely disrupting Britain's lifeline convoys. So, when the operation ended, the German commander, Admiral Lütjens was ordered to repeat his success - this time with the brand new battleship Bismarck. The rest, as they say, is history. These earlier Atlantic raids demonstrated that German surface ships could be highly effective commerce raiders. For those willing to see though, they also demonstrated just how risky this strategy could be. Covering a fascinating and detailed analysis of the Kriegsmarine's Atlantic raids between 1939 and 1941, this book will appeal to readers interested in World War II and in particular in Germany's naval operations.
Big Guns in the Atlantic
Language: en
Pages: 80
Authors: Angus Konstam
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-08-17 - Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

In the early months and years of World War II, it was Germany's cruisers and battleships that most ravaged the Atlantic Convoys. This is the history of those raids, and how the success of 1941's Operation Berlin led directly to the Kriegsmarine sending into the Atlantic its greatest battleship -
Big Guns in the Atlantic
Language: en
Pages: 80
Authors: Angus Konstam
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-08-19 - Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

At the outbreak of World War II the German Kriegsmarine still had a relatively small U-boat arm. To reach Britain's convoy routes in the North Atlantic, these boats had to pass around the top of the British Isles - a long and dangerous voyage to their "hunting grounds". Germany's larger
Ships and Shipping in the North Sea and Atlantic, 1400–1800
Language: en
Pages: 316
Authors: Richard W. Unger
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-05-23 - Publisher: Routledge

First published in 1997, this collection of articles, two of which hitherto only appeared in Dutch, examines the technical changes in shipbuilding, as well as new practices in shipping and fishing, from the late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution. It seeks to show how these changes transformed the European
Air Service Boys in the Big Battle, Or, Silencing the Big Guns
Language: en
Pages: 144
Authors: Charles Amory Beach
Categories: Juvenile Fiction
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-06 - Publisher:

Charles Amory Beach was a house pseudonym used to publish a number of works for young boys at the beginning of the twentieth century. Works published using this name include: The Air Service Boys Flying for France (1918), The Air Service Boys over the Enemy's Lines (1918), The Air Service
Battleships: WWII Evolution of the Big Guns
Language: en
Pages: 144
Authors: Philip Kaplan
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-06-15 - Publisher: Pen and Sword

Beginning with a pictorial essay on battleship construction in the 1930s and 1940s, this new book looks at the various design facets of the last great capital ships of the world's navies. Kaplan offers us a glimpse into those massive American and German navy yards and construction facilities that were