Intellectual Property, Biogenetic Resources, and Traditional Knowledge

Intellectual Property, Biogenetic Resources, and Traditional Knowledge

Author: Graham Dutfield

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 9781849775847

Category: Law

Page: 272

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Biogenetic resources - the critical biological and chemical materials that underpin so much of medicine, both modern and traditional, agriculture, and wider economic activity in so many fields - are at the centre of heated debate regarding their use, development, and ownership, and the issues of ethics and equity that impinge on all of these factors.This book is a comprehensive examination of the key issues, institutions and ideologies in this area, presenting definitions and explanations of the fundamentals of intellectual property rights (IPRs), biogenetic resources and traditional knowledge. It uses the insights from this to build a picture of how these factors interact in practice, bringing to the surface issues such as: the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, benefit sharing from the commercial use of biodiversity, biotechnological innovation and the transfer of technology, agriculture, food security, rural development, health and international justice.Part 1 describes the relevant international IPR laws, highlights the extent to which modern commerce depends on such resources, and traces the way in which modern IPR law has evolved to accommodate this dependence. Part 2 shows how stronger IPR protection in the area of life science innovation has given rise to controversies such as 'biopiracy', 'terminator' genes and genetic uniformity. Part 3 focuses on traditional knowledge, its nature, its importance, and the applicability of IPR-style protection. Part 4 covers the international negotiation and policy-making of the WTO, WIPO and CBD and the legislative initiatives of national governments of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Finally, Part 5 focuses on two developing country case studies - of India and Kenya - assessing whether they will be able to gain economic benefit from development of their natural resources within the current regulatory system and whether this will encourage the conservation and sustainable use of the resource base.With its multidisciplinary approach and breadth of coverage, this book will appeal both to those new to the subject and to those with professional and specialist interest, including students, academics, legal practitioners, government policy-makers and the private sector.
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Language: en
Pages: 288
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Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-03-02 - Publisher: Routledge

As information flows become increasingly ubiquitous in our post digital environment, the challenges to traditional concepts of intellectual property and the practices deriving from them are immense. The romantic understanding of the lone author as an endless source of new creations has to face these challenges. In order to do
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Language: en
Pages: 328
Authors: F. W. Grosheide
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-01-01 - Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

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Language: en
Pages: 384
Authors: Nari Lee, Guido Westkamp, Annette Kur, Ansgar Ohly
Categories: Law
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Pages: 240
Authors: Ansgar Ohly, Diethelm Klippel
Categories: Law
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Dieser Band enthält die Vorträge, die auf dem Eröffnungssymposium des Bayreuther DFG-Graduiertenkollegs 'Geistiges Eigentum und Gemeinfreiheit' im Mai 2006 gehalten wurden. Die Autoren befassen sich aus verfassungsrechtlicher, ökonomischer und zivilrechtlicher Perspektive in Einzelbeiträgen zum Patent-, Urheber-, Kennzeichen- und Wettbewerbsrecht mit dem Spannungsverhältnis, das zwischen dem Interesse von Erfindern und Kreativen
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Language: en
Pages: 952
Authors: Keith E. Maskus, Jerome H. Reichman
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005-06-08 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Distinguished economists, political scientists, and legal experts discuss the implications of the increasingly globalized protection of intellectual property rights for the ability of countries to provide their citizens with such important public goods as basic research, education, public health, and environmental protection. Such items increasingly depend on the exercise of