At the height of World War II, while the Germans were setting their sights on Moscow, Free French, British and Australian forces launched an assault on the Vichy French army in the Middle East on 8th June 1941. This joint initiative of Churchill and de Gaulle - codename "Operation Exporter" - led to one of the most shocking conflicts of World War II. Was this an attempt by the Allied forces to cause mass desertions from the Vichy forces to the Free French? Or were Churchill and de Gaulle motivated to reassert their respective control of the Middle East? The fight caused the loss of 10,000 lives, numerous ships and an estimated 200 aircraft. The Australian forces, under the command of Lieutenant General John Lavarack, carried out the bulk of the fighting and suffered the most casualties. The Vichy Army was overcome, but even during the bitter campaign, the Free French airmen refused to fire on their Vichy compatriots. Henri de Wailly here presents the story of this extraordinary campaign by the British, Australian and Free French forces against Vichy French forces in Syria and Lebanon, the true extent of which has largely been forgotten.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-04-18 - Publisher: I.B. Tauris
At the height of World War II, while the Germans were setting their sights on Moscow, Free French, British and Australian forces launched an assault on the Vichy French army in the Middle East on 8th June 1941. This joint initiative of Churchill and de Gaulle - codename "Operation Exporter"
1941: Great Britain is fighting for its very existence. France has surrendered and installed Marshal Pètain, an ageing reactionary, as head of a hostile new government at Vichy. The Allied outpost in Egypt, and the Suez Canal-its strategic jewel-are threatened on both sizes. To the west, Rommel is rampaging through
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-02-15 - Publisher: Osprey Publishing
A detailed study of the Syrian and Lebanon campaign of World War II. In June 1941, Australian, British, Indian, and Free French forces invaded the Vichy French-controlled Mandate of Syria and Lebanon. They were outnumbered, and faced an enemy that had more artillery, tanks, and aircraft. They fought in rocky,
Describes his gradual disenchantment with de Gaulle. Appointed by Churchill in 1941 to head a mission to Syria & Lebanon, Spears found himself at war not only with the Germans & the Vichy French, but equally with the Free French & the Foreign Office! In his brilliant descriptions of the